Top 73 historical sites to visit in Poland

  • Warsaw

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    Warsaw is the capital and the largest city of Poland. Unlike most Polish cities, Warsaw's cityscape is mostly contemporary – modern buildings are towering above older historical edifices. The buildings in the Warsaw Old Town represent nearly every European architectural style and historical period.
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  • Kraków

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    Kraków is the second-largest city in Poland and one of the oldest. In medieval times it was the capital of the Kingdom of Poland. Now Kraków is very popular among tourists because of the old town, which is surrounded by medieval castle walls. It contains dozens of restaurants and cobbled streets.
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  • Gdańsk

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    Gdańsk is a city on the Baltic coast of northern Poland. Today Gdańsk is a major shipping port and tourist destination. The city has some buildings surviving from the time of the Hanseatic League. Gdańsk has a number of historical churches including the largest brick church in the world.
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  • Wrocław

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    Wrocław, the historical capital of Silesia and Lower Silesia, is the largest city in the region. The city has a rich history and is known for its Brick Gothic and Baroque architecture. The Main Market Square, which is the oldest medieval public square in Poland, is a must-visit.
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  • Poznań

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    Poznań is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland. There are many historic buildings and heritage sites, mostly concentrated around the Old Town and other parts of the city centre. Many of these lie on the Royal-Imperial Route – a walk leading through the most important parts of the city.
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  • Wolf's Lair

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    The Wolf's Lair served as Adolf Hitler's first Eastern Front military headquarters in World War II. Discover the site of the infamous assassination attempt against Hitler on 20 July 1944. The Wolf's Lair is a fascinating and unique destination for those interested in the history of the Third Reich.
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  • Łódź

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    Łódź is a city in central Poland, formerly known as a textile-manufacturing hub. Today, it is a thriving metropolis with a unique post-industrial history and a variety of attractions to explore.
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  • Szczecin

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    Szczecin is a city of contrasts with a mix of architecture inherited from wildly different ages. The city has a unique character and is known for its monumental architecture and beautiful greenery. The city plan resembles that of Paris, and it is often called the Paris of the North.
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  • Katowice

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    Katowice is a large business, conference and trade fair center. Unlike most other large Polish cities, Katowice did not originate as a medieval town. Katowice's urban layout is a result of expansion and annexation of various towns, industrial worker estates, and villages.
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  • Malbork Castle

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    The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is the largest fortress on earth. It was originally constructed by the Teutonic Knights in a form of an Ordensburg fortress. It was built to protect and expand their Prussian outpost upon Poland-Lithuania, successfully defending it for centuries.
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  • Wieliczka Salt Mine

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    The Wieliczka Salt Mine, located in southern Poland and excavated from the 13th century, has been producing table salt continuously since then. Its attractions include the shafts and passageways, an underground lake, four chapels and numerous statues carved by miners out of the rock salt.
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  • Białystok

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    Białystok is the largest city in northeastern Poland. The city is occupied by parks, squares and forest preserves which creates a unique and healthy climate. The Branicki Palace in Bialystok is a big complex with gardens, pavillons, sculptures, and other buildings such as city hall and monastery.
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  • Lublin

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    Lublin is the largest city in eastern Poland and serves as an important regional cultural capital. Historic buildings of Lublin's Old Town create a unique atmosphere of the renaissance city. Lublin aims to be known as the Polish Capital of Festivals.
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  • Bydgoszcz

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    Bydgoszcz is a city in northern Poland. It is an architecturally rich city, with many styles present. The city is mostly associated with water, sports, Art Nouveau buildings, waterfront, music, and urban greenery. It is worth noting that Bydgoszcz boasts the largest city park in Poland.
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  • Gdynia

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    Gdynia is a city in northern Poland, situated on the southern shore of the Baltic Sea. The seaport is mainly known for its holiday resorts and as a regular stopover on the cruising itinerary of luxury passenger ships and ferries travelling to Scandinavia. The center has become a symbol of modernity with new buildings being constructed every year.
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  • Rzeszow

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    Rzeszów is the largest city in southeastern Poland. It is actively developing as a regional tourist destination. Its Old Town, Main Market Square, churches and synagogues are among the best preserved in the country.
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  • Toruń

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    Toruń is a historical city on the Vistula River in north-central Poland. The city is famous for having preserved almost intact its medieval spatial layout and many Gothic buildings. Toruń is well known for Toruń gingerbread, a type of piernik often made in elaborate molds.
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  • Częstochowa

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    Częstochowa is one of the main tourist destinations in southern Poland. Among it's attractions are old townhouses and the urban core of the city centre. The Black Madonna of Częstochowa, housed at the Jasna Góra Monastery, is a particularly popular religious attraction.
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  • Kielce

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    Kielce is a capital of Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship in Poland. The city and its surroundings are known for their historic architecture, green spaces with walkable routes and recreational areas like the Świętokrzyski National Park.
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  • Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum

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    The Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum is a museum on the site of the Auschwitz concentration camp in Oświęcim, Poland. It is a World Heritage Site since 1979 and has been preserved by the Polish government in memory of the 1.1 million people who died there during the Holocaust.
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  • Elbląg

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    Elbląg is a port city on the river Elbląg. It has access to the Baltic Sea via the Russian-controlled Strait of Baltiysk. Elbląg known for its archaeological sites, museums and the largest brewery in the country. The Elbląg Canal, built in 1825–44 under Prussia, is a tourist site of Elbląg.
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  • Zamosc

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    Zamość is a historical city in southeastern Poland. The most prominent building is the Town Hall, built at the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries. It stands on the north side of the Great Market Square, regarded as one of the most beautiful 16th-century squares in Europe.
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  • Niedzica Castle

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    Niedzica Castle, also known as Dunajec Castle, is a medieval stronghold located on the right bank of the Czorsztyn Reservoir in the village of Niedzica-Zamek. This castle was probably built in the early 14th century, probably on the site of an earlier defensive structure.
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  • Christ the King Statue

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    Christ the King is a 33-meter tall statue of Jesus Christ in Świebodzin, western Poland, completed in 2010. It is the tallest Jesus statue in the world according to the Guinness Book of World Records.
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  • Książ Castle

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    Książ is the largest castle in the Silesia region. It lies within Książ Landscape Park, a protected area located in the Wałbrzyski Foothills. The castle overlooks the gorge of the Pełcznica river and is one of the Wałbrzych's main tourist attractions.
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  • Zywiec Brewery Museum

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    Żywiec Brewery is one of the largest breweries and beer producers in Poland. The brewery museum offers to visit guided tours, manufacturing museum and a beer cellar.
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  • Jelenia Góra

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    Jelenia Góra is a historic city in southwestern Poland. The central suburb of Jelenia Góra possesses many historical and architectural structures of great significance, including the 17th-century Town Hall, baroque churches and a restored central marketplace as well as parks and gardens.
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  • Gniezno

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    Gniezno is a city in central-western Poland, about 50 kilometers east of Poznań. It was the first historical capital of Poland in the 10th century and early 11th century.
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  • Cieszyn

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    Cieszyn is a border town in southern Poland. In 1920 Cieszyn Silesia was divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia. The larger part of the town joined Poland as Cieszyn. The smaller western suburbs became part of Czechoslovakia as a new town called Český Těšín. Three bridges connect the twin towns.
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  • Sandomierz

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    Sandomierz is one of the oldest and historically most significant towns in Poland. The most notable landmarks are the Royal Castle, Cathedral Basilica, Jan Długosz House, cathedral bell tower, Collegium Gostomianum, Old Town with the town hall in the middle.
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  • Tropsztyn Castle

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    Tropsztyn Castle is a reconstruction of a defensive castle near the Czchowskie lake. The history of the castle is connected with the village of Tropie, located on the opposite side of the river.
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  • Grudziądz

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    Grudziądz is a city in northern Poland located on the Vistula River. The Old Town of Grudziądz and 14th-century granaries were declared National Historic Monuments of Poland.
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  • Biskupin

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    Biskupin is an archaeological site and a life-size model of a late Bronze Age fortified settlement in north-central Poland that also serves as an archaeological open-air museum. The site is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments.
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  • Świdnica

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    Świdnica is a city in south-western Poland in the region of Silesia. In addition to several famous churches and museums, the Old Town is a sight that all visitors should see. There are many parks located in the town center and its surrounding areas.
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  • Moszna Castle

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    The Moszna Castle is a 200-year-old castle building that now operates as a hotel. It is located in the small village of Moszna. It has a chapel which is used as a concert hall and a gallery with regular exhibitions. The entire complex includes a park with nearby fields, meadows, and a forest.
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  • Giżycko

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    Giżycko is a popular summer tourist destination in Masurian Lake District. It is home to many historical monuments, including a 14th-century Teutonic castle.
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  • Ustka

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    Ustka is a popular summer holiday destination and a fishing port on the south coasts of the Baltic. There are two sand beaches, separated by the river Słupia.
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  • Ogrodzieniec Castle

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    Ogrodzieniec Castle - ruins of a castle built in the system of the so-called Eagles' Nests in the 14th-15th centuries. The castle is located on the highest elevation in the Krakow-Czestochowa Jurassic Highlands - Castle Mountain rising to 515.5 meters above sea level.
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  • Pszczyna

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    Pszczyna is a town in southern Poland. It is worth visiting because of the Old Town, with the layout dating back to the Middle Ages, Pszczyna Castle and the historical Park of Pszczyna.
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  • Tykocin

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    Tykocin is a small town near the Białystok city and one of the oldest settlements in the region. Main toursit attractions are Tykocin Royal Castle and the Baroque Tykocin Synagogue, which is one of the best preserved in Poland from that period.
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  • Czocha Castle

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    Czocha Castle is a defensive castle located in the village of Czocha in southwestern Poland. The keep is the oldest part of the structure, which was later supplemented by housing structures. Currently, the castle serves as a hotel and an entertainment and conference center.
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  • Łańcut Castle

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    Łańcut Castle is a complex of historical buildings and a museum located in Łańcut, Poland. Nowadays, it is one of the most famous aristocratic residences in Poland. An elegant and spacious park of the early English landscape style surrounds the castle.
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  • Krzyżtopór Castle

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    Krzyżtopór Castle is a big castle that served as a medieval fortress and a palace. It was originally built by a Polish nobleman Krzysztof Ossoliński in 1644 in the village of Ujazd. Currently it is under restoration.
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  • Kostrzyn Fortress

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    Kostrzyn (Küstrin) Fortress is a massive complex of fortifications on the border of Poland and Germany. It was erected and used between the 15th and 20th centuries. Currently the most of the former fortress buildings are located on the Polish side.
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  • Lądek-Zdrój

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    Lądek-Zdrój, known in English as Landek, is a spa town situated in southwestern Poland. It is a picturesque spa town with rich historical architecture, numerous sanatoriums, parks and gardens, including an arboretum, considered one of the oldest spa towns in Poland.
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  • Góra Świętej Anny

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    Góra Świętej Anny is a village in southern Poland. It is located on the hill from which its name derives. A remarkable sanctuary, with the miraculous statue of Saint Anne and the impressive calvary, is located on its top.
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  • Bobolice Castle

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    The Bobolice Castle is a 14th-century royal castle in the village of Bobolice. It was a part of the defense system of royal strongholds protecting the western border of Poland on the side of Silesia.
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  • Inowlódz Royal Castle

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    Inowlodz Castle is a Gothic style royal castle from the 14th century founded by Casimir the Great located in the valley of the Pilica River in the village of Inowlodz, Lodz province.
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  • Będzin Castle

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    The Będzin Castle is a castle in Będzin town in southern Poland. The stone castle dates to the 14th century, and is predated by a wooden fortification that was constructed in the 11th century. It served as a military outpost on the southwestern border of the Kingdom of Poland.
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  • Uniejów

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    Uniejów is a spa town known for its Thermal Park which consists of a number of both outdoor and indoor thermal pools. Also, there is a 14th-century castle with a landscape park, regarded as one of the best-preserved parks of central Poland.
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  • Historic Silver Mine in Tarnowskie Góry

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    Step back in time and experience the hardships of miners in the 18th and 19th centuries at the Historic Silver Mine in Tarnowskie Góry, Poland. The mine is normally open for tourists, and guided tours in several languages take place every day.
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  • Kórnik Castle

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    Kórnik Castle is a castle in the Polish town of Kórnik, which was constructed in the 14th century. The current look of the castle resembles Gothic Revival architecture, one of the popular historicising styles in the 19th century. The castle currently houses a museum and the Kórnik Library.
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  • Chęciny Castle

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    Chęciny Royal Castle was built in the late 13th century in Chęciny, Poland. It fell into ruin in the 18th century and remains in that state to this day.
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  • Chojnik Castle

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    Chojnik Castle is a castle located above the town of Sobieszów, today part of Jelenia Góra. Its remains stand on top of the Chojnik hill within the Karkonosze National Park. Today the semi-ruined stronghold is a major tourist attraction and houses a hotel and a restaurant.
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  • Kościół św. Stanisława Kostki w Chwarszczanach

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    Kościół św. Stanisława Kostki w Chwarszczanach is a filial church, originally a chapel of the Knights Templar, now under the invocation of St. Stanislaus Kostka. It is one of the most valuable monuments of Western Pomerania.
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  • Fort Srebrna Góra

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    Fort Srebrna Góra or Srebrnogórska Fortress is a former military fort, now a monument and a museum, located in the town of Srebrna Góra. The fort has been called a "Gibraltar of Prussia", or "Gibraltar of Silesia", a reference to its foundation in solid bedrock. The fort is open to tourists.
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  • Olsztyn Castle

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    Olsztyn Castle – castle ruins located in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland, lying on the Trail of the Eagles' Nests – formerly protecting the southern border of the Kingdom of Poland.
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  • Supraśl Orthodox Monastery

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    The Monastery of the Annunciation in Supraśl, also known as the Supraśl Lavra is a monastery in North Eastern Poland. The complex includes Church of the Annunciation, and baroque monastery buildings, built between the 17th and 18th century.
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  • Złoty Stok

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    Złoty Stok is a town in south-western Poland. The name Złoty Stok means "golden hillside" in Polish and is a reference to the fact that a gold deposit was mined here in the Middle Ages. There are a number of historical monuments in the town, including a museum of gold mining and metallurgy.
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  • Czorsztyn Castle

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    The ruins of Czorsztyn Castle are located at Czorsztyn Lake within Pieniny National Park borders. It is a medieval castle that stands at the top of the hill near the Dunajec River.
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  • Tenczyn Castle

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    Tenczyn Castle is a medieval castle in the village of Rudno. The castle stands on the remnants of a Permian period lava stream, the highest hill of Garb Tenczyński (Castle Hill), which is 411 m above the sea level.
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  • Ruins of the church in Trzęsacz

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    The Church in Trzęsacz refers to a series of three churches built in Trzęsacz, Poland. The first, constructed of wood, was reportedly built in 1124; the second one, made of bricks, around 1270; and finally the third one, sometime in the late 14th or early 15th century.
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  • Tyskie Brewing Museum

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    The Tyskie Brewing Museum is a museum in Tychy in Silesia. The museum is an Anchor point on the European Route of Industrial Heritage. Tyskie brewery gave it's name to one of the leading brands of beer in Poland.
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  • St. Michael Archangel's Church

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    Michael Archangel's Church in Dębno is a Roman Catholic Gothic-wooden church from the fifteenth-century. The church is considered to be one of the oldest structures of its type in Poland. The church remains in its original structure, with a unique polychrome interior from around 1500.
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  • Golub Castle

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    Golub Castle is a four-wing conventional Teutonic fortress built at the turn of the fourteenth century, built on a hill as a look-out point over the whole town of Golub-Dobrzyń. Today, the castle is used as a regional museum, housing a vast collection of militaristic exhibits.
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  • Mirów Castle

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    Mirów Castle is a 14th-century castle, now ruined, located in the Mirów village, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland.
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  • Rabsztyn Castle

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    Rabsztyn Castle is a preserved Gothic ruined castle located in the Polish Jura within the Eagles' Nests Trail. Having undergone extensive reconstruction, since May 2015, the castle has been opened to tourists.
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  • Radzyń Chełmiński Castle

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    Radzyń Chełmiński Castle is a Brick Gothic monastery-castle completed in 1330. The square keep is a relic of one of the oldest castles built by the Teutonic Knights. Currently visitors are still able to see the restored southern facade, and enter the courtyard, towers, cellars, and the chapel.
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  • Bąkowiec Castle

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    Bąkowiec Castle is a fourteenth-century knight's castle ruins, located in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland.
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  • Pilcza Castle

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    Pilica Castle is a Neo-Renaissance castle located in Pilica. Encircled by bastion fortifications, the castle is made up of four wings, surrounding an interior courtyard. The castle is surrounded by a 10 ha park with diverse fauna and flora. There is a Classicist well in the park.
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  • Bydlin Castle

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    Bydlin Castle is a fourteenth-century castle ruins, located in the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. The fortress was built as part of the Trail of the Eagles' Nests defence system.
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  • Observation tower in Dąbrówka Szczepanowska

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    A 16-meter-high wooden observation tower was opened in Dąbrówka Szczepanowska village in early December 2018. From its five floors there is a view of Tarnow, Wojnicz, the valley and bend of the Dunajec River, the hills of the Beskid Wyspowy, and even the distant Tatra Mountains.
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  • Ziołowy Zakątek

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    Ziołowy Zakątek is a farm complex with historic farmhouses from the mid-19th century where you can stay. Also the complex includes herb house, old wind mill, ecological herb garden and farm animals.
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